Author(s): Swapan Banerjee, Sudhir Kumar, Rumpa Begum, Suparna Das, Pragya Sharma


DOI: 10.52711/2321-5844.2021.00010   

Address: Swapan Banerjee1*, Sudhir Kumar2, Rumpa Begum3, Suparna Das4, Pragya Sharma5
1Department of Nutrition, Seacom Skills University, Birbhum, West Bengal, India.
2Community Health Centre, Jharkhand Government, Baghmara, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India.
3Department of Home Science, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
4Department of Education, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
5Institute of Home Economics, University of Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi. India.
*Corresponding Author

Published In:   Volume - 12,      Issue - 2,     Year - 2021

Students, mainly girl students, are the future of our society. Hence, it's most important to look into the critical aspects like health, education, self-respect, and earning opportunity. Women and children are the vulnerable sections worldwide. Data shows that young adolescent girls, including college students, usually suffer from anemia, hair and skin issues, obesity or underweight issues, and more. Additionally, urban girls are also psychologically affected due to their perception of body image and overall improper nutritional status. Our study is a survey-oriented study where a simple random sampling method has been used. The survey was conducted in a district girls' college in West Bengal for two days in October 2018. Two dietitians, two nutrition subject experts, and one homeopathic doctor were present with the pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires format duly filled by each respondent. 110 interested girl students studying graduation participated in the primary health cum nutrition screening. BMI calculation through height and weight measurements, screening of nails, hair, skin, tongue, dietary habits, and basic nutrition knowledge assessments were made on the spot. Altogether, data was collected through the dichotomous questionnaires based on nutrition, personal health, and hygiene, followed by subjective opinions and perceptions of the participants' body image. SPSS version-16 was applied for statistical analysis. Twelve attributes were used in the dichotomous questionnaires that found 67% were overweight cum obese. The study revealed 12% anemic, 13% excess hair loss, 62% skin conditioning issues, 65.4% acne or pimples,65% menstruation issues, and 4.5% depression. The study analyzed all the personal attributes to assess their image perception and nutritional status as well. Image complexion is not always essential, but some participants expressed their feeling about their improper appearance. Above all, everyone accepted that proper nutrition is always a significant factor for good health.

Cite this article:
Swapan Banerjee, Sudhir Kumar, Rumpa Begum, Suparna Das, Pragya Sharma. A case study on the assessment of perception towards body image and nutritional status among girl students studying in a district college in West Bengal. Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Sciences. 2021; 12(2):67-8. doi: 10.52711/2321-5844.2021.00010

Swapan Banerjee, Sudhir Kumar, Rumpa Begum, Suparna Das, Pragya Sharma. A case study on the assessment of perception towards body image and nutritional status among girl students studying in a district college in West Bengal. Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Sciences. 2021; 12(2):67-8. doi: 10.52711/2321-5844.2021.00010   Available on:

1.    Census 2011. New Delhi: Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India; 2011. Available from: Accessed on 3 January 2021.
2.    Park K. Demography and Family Planning. Text Book of Preventive and Social Medicine, 22nd ed. Jabalpur: Banarasi Das Bhanot; 2013: 444. Accessed on 3 January 2021.
3.    National Family Health Survey-3. International Institute of Population Sciences and ORC Macro. 2010. Available from: nfhs3.html. Accessed on 25 December 2020.
4.    Government of India. A strategic approach to reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) in India. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; 2013. Accessed on 30 December 2020.
5.    Education and Training Industry in India. Available from: Available from: Accessed on 30 December 2020.
6.    Maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health. Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding, WHO. 2017. August, 1–30. Available from: Accessed on 30 December 2020.
7.    RKSK Strategy Handbook. Government of India. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, New Delhi. 2014. Accessed on 25 December 2020.
8.    Nutrition in adolescence- Issues and Challenges for the Health Sector. Issues in adolescent health and development; WHO. 2005: 11. Accessed on 3 January 2021.
9.    Health for the World's Adolescents: A second chance in the second decade, 2014. Available from: Accessed on 3 January 2021.
10.    Sivagurunathan, C. Umadevi, R. Rama, R. Gopalakrishnan, S. Adolescent Health: Present Status and Its Related Programmes in India. Are We in the Right Direction. 2025; 9(3), LE01-LE06.
11.    Children and Adolescents in India. Available from: Accessed on 30 December 2020.
12.    Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in a rural area of Tamil Nadu, India Chandrakumari Abilash Sasidharannair, Sinha Pammy, Singaravelu Shreelakshmidevi, Jaikumar S. 2019; 8 (4): 1414-1417
13.    Shilpa S. Biradar, Somashekar P. Biradar, A.C. Alatagi, A.S. Wantamutte, P.R. Malur. Prevalence of Anaemia among Adolescent Girls: A One Year Cross-Sectional Study. 2012; 6(3): 372-377.
14.    Chaudhary S.M, Dhage V.R. A study of anaemia among adolescent females in urban area of Nagpur. Indian J Comm Med. 2004; 33(4):243.
15.    National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data-4. Government of India. Accessed on 3 January 2021.
16.    Satia, J. Challenges for adolescent health programs: What is needed? Indian Journal of Community Medicine.2018; 43(5): 1–5. 331:18.
17.    Majumder U, Gojendra S, Heramani N, Singh R. A study of psychiatric morbidity and substance use pattern among the adolescents attending department of psychiatry of a tertiary hospital in Northeastern India. Ann Indian Psychiatry 2019; 3:19-22.
18.    Keyho K, Gujar NM, Ali A. Prevalence of mental health status in adolescent school children of Kohima district, Nagaland. Ann Indian Psychiatry 2019; 3:39-42.
19.    DiBaise, M. and Tarleton, S.M. Hair, Nails, and Skin: Differentiating Cutaneous Manifestations of Micronutrient Deficiency. Nutrition in Clinical Practice. 2019; 34: 490-503.
20.    Sachan B, Idris MZ, Jain S, Kumari R, Singh A. Nutritional status of school-going adolescent girls in Lucknow District. Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals. 2012; 1(2):101-5.
21.    WHO Growth Reference, 2007, WHO. 2014. Available from: Accessed on 31 December 2020.
22.    Das D.K. Biswas R. Nutritional status of adolescent girls in a rural area of North 24 Parganas district, West Bengal. Indian J Public Health. 2005; 49(1):18-21.
23.    Bhattacharyya H, Barua A. Nutritional status and factors affecting nutrition among adolescent girls in urban slums of Dibrugarh, Assam. National J Community Med. 2013; 4(1):1-4.
24.    Banerjee S. uses technologies and social media for diet and exercise awareness among obese, hypothyroid, and pre-diabetic women – A case study in West Bengal. J Xi'an Univ Archit Technol. 2020; 12(3):4682-4688. doi:
25.    Banerjee S. Role of Food Companies to Supply Nutritious Foods as per Buyers Changing Lifestyles, Buying Habits and the Recent Trends. Int J Innov Res Sci Eng Technol. 2020; 9(3):1062-1067. doi:10.15680/IJIRSET.2020.0903127.
26.    Amit G, Rishabha M, Prakash ST, Kumar SP. Indian medicinal plants used in hair care cosmetics: A short review. Pharmacogn J. 2010; 2(10):361-364. doi:10.1016/s0975-3575(10) 80110-5.
27.    Patwardhan B. Ayurveda: The designer medicine. Indian Drugs. 2000;37: 213–227.
28.    Dahanukar SA, Kulkarni RA, Rege NN. Pharmacology of medicinal plants and natural products. Indian J. Pharmacol. 2000; 32: S81–S118.
29.    Dahanukar S, Thatte U. Ayurveda Revisited, Popular Prakashan, Mumbai 3rd edn. 2000. Accessed on 31 December 2020.
30.    Kumar V. Perspective of Natural Products in Skincare. Pharm Pharmacol Int J. 2016;4(3):3-5. doi:10.15406/ppij.2016.04.00072.
31.    Wertz K, Hunziker PB, Seifert N, Riss G, Neeb M, et al. Beta Carotene interferes with ultraviolet light A-induced gene expression by multiple pathways. J Invest Dermatol.2005; 124(2): 428-434.
32.    Darvin M, Patzelt A, Gehse S, Schanzer S, Benderoth C, et al. Cutaneous concentration of lycopene correlates significantly with the roughness of the skin. Eur J Pharm Biopharm.2008; 69(3): 943-947.
33.    O'Connor I, O'Brien N. Modulation of UVA light-induced oxidative stress by beta-carotene, lutein and astaxanthin in cultured fibroblasts. J Dermatol Sci.1998; 16(3): 226-230.
34.    Aquino R, Morelli S, Tomaino A, Pellegrino M, Saija A, et al. Antioxidant and photoprotective activity of a crude extract of Culcitiumreflexum H.B.K. leaves and their major flavonoids. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002; 79 (2):183-191.
35.    Kantor, J., Kessler, L. J., Brooks, D. G., and Cotsarelis, G. Decreased serum ferritin is associated with alopecia in women. Journal of Investigative Dermatology. 2003; 121(5): 985-988.
36.    Ozay, O., Arslantas, D., Unsal, A., and Bulur, I. The frequency of alopecia and quality of life in high-school students in rural areas (Sivrihisar, Mahmudiye, Alpu, and Beylikova) of Eskisehir. Northern clinics of Istanbul. 2019; 6(3): 226.
37.    Higuera, V. Why Do I Have Dry Hair? 1 August 2019. Available from: Accessed on 3 January 2021.
38.    Watson. Home Remedies for Dry Hair. 18 September 2018. Available from: Accessed on 5 January 2021.
39.    Premature greying of hair. 18 January 2021. Available from: Accessed on 5 January 2021.
40.    Nutrition and Hair Health. The Trophological Society, London. Accessed on 10 February 2021
41.    Jain, S., Barambhe, M. S., Jain, J., Jajoo, U. N., and Pandey, N. Prevalence of skin diseases in rural Central India: A community-based, cross-sectional, observational study. Journal of Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences.2016; 21(2): 111.
42.    Brind'Amour, K. Skin Disorders: Pictures, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, and Prevention. 16 April 2016. Available from: Accessed on 10 February 2021
43.    Daulatabad D, Grover C, Singal A. Quality of life and psychological impact of premature canities: A study from North India. Pigment Int. 2016 1 January;3(1):24–8.
44.    Ristow M, Schmeisser S. Extending life span by increasing oxidative stress. Free Radic Biol Med. 2011;51:327–36. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2011.05.010.
45.    Ristow M, Zarse K, Oberbach A, Klöting N, Birringer M, Kiehntopf M, et al. Antioxidants prevent health-promoting effects of physical exercise in humans. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106: 8665–70. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0903485106.
46.    Draelos ZD. Nutrition and enhancing youthful-appearing skin. Clin Dermatol. 2010; 28:400–8. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2010.03.019.
47.    Schagen SK, Zampeli VA, Makrantonaki E, Zouboulis CC. Discovering the link between nutrition and skin aging. Dermatoendocrinol. 2012;4(3):298-307. doi:10.4161/derm.22876.
48.    Almohanna HM, Ahmed AA, Tsatalis JP, Tosti A. The Role of Vitamins and Minerals in Hair Loss: A Review. Dermatol Ther (Heidelb). 2019;9(1):51-70. doi:10.1007/s13555-018-0278-6.
49.    Banerjee S. Implementation of the vegan diet among obese hypothyroid housewives living in metro cities - A review. Int Res J Med Sci. 2020;8(1):21–4.
50.    Banerjee S. The Essence of Indian Indigenous Knowledge in the perspective of Ayurveda, Nutrition, and Yoga. Res Rev Biotechnol Biosci. 2020;7(2):20–7.
51.    NIN. Manual on New Dietary Guidelines for Indians, NIN; ICMR: 2011.; ICMR: 2011.Available on: Accessed on 15 February 21.
52.    Nutrients Requirements of Indians. Recommended Diary Allowances and Estimated Average Requirements -2020.A report of the expert group from Indian. Indian Council of Medical Research. National Institute of Nutrition. Available on Accessed on 15 February 21.

Recomonded Articles:

Author(s): Sharma Mukesh, Ajazuddin, V.Minu, Soni Sonam,Jyotsna, Rashmi, Hansa, Deepaveni, Hempushpa, Tripathi D.K.

DOI:         Access: Open Access Read More

Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Sciences (RJTCS) is an international, peer-reviewed journal, correspondence in the fields of skin and cosmetic research....... Read more >>>

RNI: Not Available                     
DOI: 10.5958/2321-5844 

Recent Articles