Formulation and Evaluation of Poly Herbal Hair Oil

 

Omkar V. Narule1*, Manohar D. Kengar1, Pranali P. Mulik1, Sohel I. Nadaf1, Bhagyashree A. Mote1, Trupti D. Dudhagaonkar2

1Department of Pharmaceutics, Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, Maharashtra, India- 415404.

2Department of Pharmacognosy, Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, Maharashtra, India- 415404.

*Corresponding Author E-mail: omkarvn21@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

The concept of beauty and cosmetics is as ancient as mankind and civilization. So, they use various beauty products that have herbs to look charming and young. Herbal cosmetics are now-a-days widely used by the common people because of concept of fewer side effects and with a better safety and security profile. The present work was aimed to formulate herbal oil for general purpose (application in hairs) using various herbs. The formulated herbal oil was evaluated and various parameters such as viscosity, saponification value, pH etc. were determined and are reported in this project.

 

KEYWORDS: Cosmetics, Herbs, Herbal hair oil, Evaluation.

 

 


INTRODUCTION:

Hair is an epidermal derivative which is one of the vital parts increasing the overall elegance of the body. Hair fall, dandruff, lice, spilt ends, grey hair are few problems involved with hair faced by human.1 To overcome these, human takes many measures by applying many cosmetics for each. Hair oil is one among them used to solve almost all of this problems.2 Hair care cosmetics are now added with herbs and they are well recognised compared with synthetic ones.3 Herbal hair oil is more preferred and is used in many ailments of hair.4 They promote hair growth, improve elegance of hair and prevent hair fall.5 Hair oil not only promotes hair growth they also provide necessary moisture to the scalp rendering in beautiful hair.6 Herbal cosmetics have growing demand in the world market and are in an invaluable gift of nature. There are a wide range of herbal cosmetics products to satisfy beauty regime. Adding herb in the cosmetics is very safe for our     skin.7, 8, 9

 

Collection of Plant Materials:

The polyherbal hair oil was prepared by collecting various plant materials like, Onion , Lemon Peels, Lemon Grass, Mustard, Neem, Nirgundi, Hibiscus, Garlic, Jasminum officinale, Olive Oil, Camphor, Grape seed oil  were procured from local market.

 

Onion

Synonyms             : Onion plant, Allium cepa.

Biological Source: Allium cepa

Family                    : Alliaceae

 

Use: It reduce hair loss by improving blood circulation in the scalp and hair. the sulphur in the juice helps in the production of essential collagen that promotes hair growth.

 

Fig. no.1-Onion

Lemon Peels:

Synonyms             : Citrus. Citrus fruit.

Biological source : Citrus limon

Family                    : Rutaceae

 

Uses:

Promote hair growth, it cleanses and balances the pH of the scalp, the antimicrobial properties will assist with any latent fungus, while acne and dandruff will find relief from its antiseptic benefits.

 

 

Fig. no. 2–Lemon peels

 

Lemon Grass:

Synonyms:

Indian oil of Verbena, Indian Melissa oil, Mar-Hirvacha tel

Biological source:

Lemon grass oil is the oil distilled from Cymbopogan flexuosus Stapf or Cymbopogan citrates Staf.

Family : Graminae

Uses:

Lemongrass oil is one of the beneficial essential oils that helps regrow hair by addressing any scalp issue that are affecting healthy hair growth such as eczema, dandruff, and psoriasis.

 

 

Fig. no.3- Lemon Grass

 

Mustard:

Synonym: Brown Mustard.

Biological Sources:

These are dried ripe seeds of Brassica nigra Linn., Koch or Brassica juncea Linn.

Family : Cruciferae

Uses:

Nourishes for Hair, Natural Conditioner, Promotes Hair Growth, Anti-Fungal Properties.

 

 

Fig. no.4-Mustard

 

Neem:

Synonyms: Melia Azadirachta. Margosa.Azadirachta indica.

Biological Sources: Neem seed. Neem tree.

Family: Meliaceae

Botanical name: Azadirachta Indica.

Use: It reduce hair loss by improving blood circulation in the scalp and hair. the sulphur in the juice helps in the production of essential collagen that promotes hair growth.

 

 

Fig. no.5- Neem

 

Nirgundi

Synonym: Vitex cannabifolia Siebold and Zucc Vitex incisa Lam, Vitex incisa var. heterophyllaFranch.

 

Botanical Name: Vitex Negundo

 

Family Name: Verbenaceae

 

Uses: Aids in Hair Growth: The oil made from the leaves of this tree can be used as a hair tonic.

 

Regular application is known to rejuvenate the hair, prevent hair fall, and promote hair growth.

 

 

Fig. no.6-Nirgundi

Hibiscus:

Synonyms: Bombycidendron Zoll. and Moritzi, Bombycodendron Hassk, Brock mania W. Fitzg.

Family: Malvaceae

Uses: Boosts Up Hair Growth, Thwarts Premature Graying and Ageing, Excellent for Treating Dandruff, Makes Hair Thicker and Stronger. Nourishes the Hair by Conditioning It.

 

 

Fig. no.7-Hibiscus

 

Garlic:

Synonyms: Allium sativum L

Biological Source: Bulbs of Allium sativum

Family: Lilaceae

Use: Garlic could end your hair loss problems because of its high levels of allicin,a sulphur found to effectively treat hair loss.

 

 

Fig. no.8-Garlic

 

Formulation of Oil Formulation table

 

Table no.1- Ingredients used in formulation of herbal hair oil (formulated)

S. No.

Ingredients

Quantity (%)

1

Onion oil

5ml

2

Lemon Bulb oil

5ml

3

Lemon grass oil

5ml

4

Mustard oil

5ml

5

Neem oil

5ml

6

Nirgundi oil

5ml

7

Hibiscus oil

5ml

8

Garlic oil

5ml

9

Jasmine oil

5ml

10

Olive oil

5ml

11

Camphor oil

5ml

12

Grape seed oil

5ml

 

First collected all oils or ingredients. Then measured 5 ml of all oils or ingredients are taken with the help of measuring cylinder. Then all oils or ingredients are mixed in a beaker. Then prepared mixture is filter. This mixture is poured in suitable container. Then Evaluate and submit our prepared hair oil. Then the prepared hair oil is compared with marketed formulation.

 

Evaluation of Herbal Hair Oil10

Sensitivity test:

The prepared herbal hair oil was applied on 1 cm skin of hand and exposed to Sunlight for 4-5 min.

 

Acid value:

Preparation of 0.1 molar solution: Weighed 0.56 g KOH pellets and dissolved in 100 mL of distilled water and stirred continuously. The prepared 0.1 molar KOH solution was filled in the burette. Preparation of sample: Measured 10 mL oil and dissolved in 25 mL of ethanol and 25 mL of ether mixture and shacked. Added 1 mL of phenolphthalein solution and titrated with 0.1 molar KOH solution.

 

Saponification value:

Accurately weighed 1 mL of oil into a 250 mL of conical flask and 10 mL of ethanol: ether mixture (2: 1) was added. To this flask 25 mL of 0.5 N alcoholic KOH was Kept the flask for 30 min. and the flask was cooled. The cooled solution was titrated against 0.5 N HCl using phenolphthalein indicator. Similarity the blank titration was performed without taking oil (sample). Amount of KOH in mg used was calculated.

 

PH:

The pH of herbal hair oil was determined using pH meter.

 

Viscosity:

The viscosity was determined using Ostwald’s viscometer.

 

Specific gravity:

Take the specific gravity bottle, rinsed it with distilled water, dry it in oven for 15 minutes, cool, closed it with cap and weigh it (a). Now fill the same specific gravity bottle with the sample and closed it with cap and again weigh it (b). Determine the weight of sample per milliliter by subtracting the weight (b-a).

 

Table no.2- Evaluation of herbal hair oil (Prepared)

S. No.

Parameter

Inference

1.

Specific gravity

1.082

2.

Viscosity

0.94

3.

Acid value

4.4

4.

Saponification value

111.03

5.

pH

6.7

6.

Sensitivity test

No irritation

7.

Irritation test

No irritation

8.

Grittiness

Smooth

 

Table no.3-Evaluation of herbal hair oil (marketed)

S. No.

Parameter

Inference

1.

Specific gravity

1.096

2.

Viscosity

0.93

3.

Acid value

4.5

4.

Saponification value

115.05

5.

pH

7.2

6.

Sensitivity test

No irritation

7.

Irritation test

No irritation

8.

Grittiness

Smooth

 

Table no.4-Role of herbs in herbal hair oil (Prepared)

S. No.

Ingredients

Importance

1

Onion

Hair growth

2

Lemon

Anti-Dandruff

3

Lemon grass

Cure Hair loss

4

Mustard oil

Blood circulation, scalp Hair growth

5

Neem

Hair growth, Anti-Dandruff

6

Nirgundi

Hair Growth

7

Hibiscus

Hair growth

8

Garlic

Hair Growth

9

Jasmine

Antiseptic

10

Olive oil

Hair Growth, Anti-Dandruff, Anti-fungus

11

Camphor

Hair growth

12

Grape seed oil

Vit E, Hair Growth

 

Table no.5-Role of herbs in herbal hair oil (marketed)

S. No.

Ingredients

Importance

1

Argan oil

Increase hair's elasticity and consistently restore shine to dull

2

Sesame oil

Hair growth

3

Almond oil

Cure Hair loss

4

Olive oil

Blood circulation n scalp, Hair growth

5

Sea buckthorn oil

Hair growth, Anti-Dandruff

6

Murumuru oil

Hair Growth

7

Jojoba oil

Cure Hair loss

8

Indian Goose Berry oil

Hair Growth

9

Fenugreek oil

Antiseptic

10

Rosemary oil

Hair Growth, Anti-Dandruff, Anti-fungus

11

Spearmint oil

Hair growth

12

Vitamin E oil

Hair growth

 

RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:

Herbal hair oil is one of the most well recognized hair treatments. Herbal hair oil not only moisturizes scalp but also reverses dry scalp and dry hair condition. It provides numerous essential nutrients required to maintain normal function of sebaceous glands and promotes natural hair growth. The herbal hair oil was prepared from various herbs (Table 1) and their importance in the formulation is presented in (Table 4). The various parameters like sensitivity test, viscosity, pH, irritation test, grittiness test, saponification value and acid value of herbal hair oil was evaluated (Table 2 and 3). Hence, from the present investigation it was found that the formulated herbal hair oil has optimum standards and further standardization and biological screening establishes the efficacy of formulated herbal hair oil

 

Table no.6-Result of formulation

Sr. No.

Evaulation Test

Prepared Hair Oil

Marketed Hair Oil

1

Sensitivity test

No irritation

No irritation

2

Acid value

4.4

4.5

3

Saponification value

111.03

115.05

4

pH

6.7

7.2

5

Viscosity

0.94

0.93

6

Specific gravity

1.082

1.096

 

CONCLUSION:

From the obtained result we were conclude that each and every prepared hair oil and marketed hair oil are similar to each other. Evaluation gives different results.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

Authors are highly Acknowledge the help of teaching staff of Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon. For providing necessary information required for research work. Also we are highly acknowledge the help and guidance of Dr. Mangesh A. Bhutkar.

 

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3       Dixit V.K., Adhirajan N. and Gowri C. Development and evaluation of herbal formulations for hair growth. Indian Drugs. 38(11): 559-563, 2001.

4       Patni P., Varghese D., Balekar N. and Jain D.K. Formulation and evaluation of herbal hair oil for alopecia management. Planta Indica. 2(3): 27-30, 2006

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7       B.M. Mithal and R.N. Shah, Hand Book of Cosmetics,1st Edition, Vallabh prakashan, Delhi, 2000; 141-142.

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Received on 21.05.2019                    Accepted on 28.05.2019

©A& V Publications all right reserved

Research J. Topical and Cosmetic Sci.10(1):09-12.

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5844.2019.00003.7