Formulation and Evaluation of Herbal Liquid Shampoo

 

Sidhi S. Jadhav, Kajal S. Jadhav, Yogita V. Dalvi*

YSPM YTC Faculty of Pharmacy, Satara, (MH) India- 415 004.

*Corresponding Author E-mail:  yogitav.dalvi@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

The aim was to formulate an herbal liquid shampoo containing natural ingredients with an emphasis on safety and efficacy, which will avoid the risk posed by chemical ingredients. It clears sebum, dirt, dandruff, promotes hair growth, strengthens and darkens the hair. Moreover, it also acts as conditioning agents and performs all these actions without affecting or damaging hair. The herbs shikekai, ritha, amala powder, fenugreek powder and tulsi powder have been selected to formulate the herbal shampoo powder on the basis of the traditional system and scientific justification with modern uses.

 

KEYWORDS: Herbal shampoo, safety, efficacy, hair growth.

 


 

INTRODUCTION: [9, 11]

Herbal cosmetics are prepared by the association of bioactive ingredients and pharmaceutical products. The presence of number of photochemical and botanicals in the herbal products have dual significance, one that they are used as cosmetics for body care and another that photochemical improve the biological functions of human body naturally results in healthy skin and hairs. As the name suggests, the herbal extracts means the extracts of herbs. It is an ancient methodology because its origin was discovered from the holy Vedas and in Unani scriptures. As the realization said that the chemical medicines are not always work as magic bullets and they may have side effects. The current trend moves toward the herbalism and use of natural products. Indian herbs are the richest source to be used in cosmetic industries. Herbal cosmetics were gaining tremendous demand in the world market. There is a wide range of herbal cosmetic products used as beauty regime to satisfy the purpose of beautification.

 

 

Shampoos are of various types, like powder shampoo, clear liquid shampoo liquid shampoo, lotion shampoo, solid gel shampoo, medicated shampoo, liquid herbal shampoo etc. As far as herbal shampoos are concerned in stability criteria. Depending upon the nature of the ingredients they may be simple or plain shampoo, antiseptic or antidandruff shampoo and nutritional shampoo containing vitamin, aminoacids proteins hydrolysate.

 

MATERIAL USED-[9, 10]

 

SHIKAKAI

Synonym-Soap -pod, Acacia concinna.

Biological source-

It is the dried gummy exudation of stem and branches of Acacia Arabica belonging to the family- Leguminosae.

Organoleptic characters-

Color-dark brown Odor-odorless Taste-Pungent

Chemical constituents-

1.     It principally consists of arabin, which is a complex mixture of calcium, magnesium and potassium salts of Arabic acid.

2.     Arabic acid upon hydrolysis give L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, D-galactose and D-glucuronic acid.

3.     It also contains oxidase and peroxidase enzyme.

 

Uses -

1.     It is traditionally used in a shampoo preparation for hair growth.

2.     Soothes Scalp.

3.     Fights Dandruff. Shikakai also has antifungal properties that help curb dandruff.

4.     Nourishes hair follicles.

 

 

 

RITHA

Synonym- Soap nut, Aritha

Biological source-

It consist of the dried as well as fresh fruits of the species Sapindus mukorossi

belonging to family- Sapindaceae.

Organoleptic character-

Color-Brick red

Odor-Aromatic

Taste-Pungent

Shape- Circle

Size-1 to 2 cm

 

Chemical constituents-

1.     Seeds of Sapindus mukorossi contain 23 % oil of which 92 % is triglycerides.

2.     Fruits and roots contain triterpenoid saponins named Sapindoside A&B.

3.     Fruits also contain sesquiterpenoidal glycosides and six different fatty ester of tetracyclic triterpenoids.

 

 

 

Uses-

1.     Cleanses the skin of oily secretion and is even used as a cleanser for washing hair.

2.     Seeds of Sapindus mukorossi are used in Ayurvedic medicine to remove tan and freckles from the skin.

3.     Sapindus mukorossi can also be used as a natural remedy for many health problems, such as for treating migraine headaches.

4.     It is widely used in Ayurveda for poison case.

 

 

AMALA POWDER

 

Synonym- Embica, Indian goose berry, Amalki

Biological source-

 

It consists of dried as well as fresh fruits of the plant Embica officinalis Linn

Belonging to family -Euphorbiaceae.

 

Organoleptic characters-

Color-The green color change to yellow or brick red at maturity.

Odour-odourless

Taste-sore and astringent

Shape- fruits are depressed, globular

 

Chemical constituents-

1.         It is rich natural source of vitamin. C.

2.         Fruits contain 0.5% fat, phyllemblin and 5% tannin.

3.         It also rich in mineral matters like phosphorus, iron and calcium.

4.         The fresh fruit contain 75% moisture.

Uses-

1.         It provides natural protein.

2.         It is used as an acrid, diuretics, refrigerant and laxative.

3.         They are also administered in jaundice, dyspenia and anemia along with iron compound.

4.         Fruits are also used in preparation of inks, hair oil and shampoo.

 

FENUGREEK POWDER

 

Synonym-Methi Biological source-

It consist of dried seeds of Trigonella Foenum-graecum belonging to family Fabaceae.

 

Organoleptic characters-

Color- Brownish yellow

Odor- Strong and peculiar Taste- Bitter and lingering taste Chemical constituents-

1.                   Fenugreek seeds contain lysine and L- tryptophan rich proteins, mucilaginous fibre.

2.                   It contains saponins, coumarin, fenugreekine, nicotinic acid, sapogenins, phytic acid, scopoletin and trigonellin.

3. It also contain iron,vit.A and vit.D.

 

Uses-

1.     Fenugreek helps in nourishing and regenerating hair.

2.     Fenugreek seeds are used in colic flatulence.

3.     They are a perfect blood purifier.

4.     The seed has been used for stomach upset and enhancing appetite.

 

 

TULSI POWDER

 

Synonym- sacred basil, Holy basil

Biological source-

It consists of fresh and dried leaves of Osimum Sanctum Linn. belonging to family – Laminaceae.

 

Organoleptic characters-

Color-green Odour-aromatic

Taste-slightly pungent

Chemical constituents-

1.         Leaves contain bright, yellow colored and pleasant volatile oil (0.1-0.9%).

2.         It contains approximately 70% eugenol, caracrol 3% and eugenol-methyl-ether 20%.

3.         It also contains caryophylline.

4.         The plant is also reported to contain alkaloids, glycosides, saponin, tannins and appreciable volume of vitamin C.

 

Uses-

1.         As a preservative.

2.         As an antioxidant.

3.         Leaves are used as stimulant, aromatic, anticatarrhal and diaphoretic.

 

 

JASMINE OIL

 

Synonym-officinale, Mograa

Biological source-

It is prepared by steam distillation of the species Jasminum officinale belonging to

family- Oleaceae.

Organoleptic characters- Color-Deep brown

Odor-Floral jasmin

Taste-Mellow

 

Chemical constituents-

1.          It         consist                   of       benzyl         acetate, linalool, benzyl               alcohol, indole, benzyl              benzoate, cis- jasmone, geraniol, methyl anthranilate.

2.          It consist trace amounts of p. cresol, farnesol, cis-3-hexenyl benzoate, eugenol, nerol, ceosol, benzoic acid.

 

Uses-

1.         As flavoring agent.

2.         As antidepressant, antiseptic, aphrodisiac and antispasmodic.

 

 

 

 

 

FORMULA OF SHAMPOO-

Sr. no.

Ingredients

Qty. taken

Uses

1

Shikekai

2.5 gm

To clean and conditioning the hair

2

Ritha

2.0 gm

To strengthens hair

3

Amala powder

0.3 gm

Provide natural proteins

4

Fenugreek powder

0.1 gm

For healthy and shining hair

5

Tulsi powder

0.1 gm

As preservative or antioxidant

6

Jasmine oil

q.s

As a flavor

7

Distilled water

q.s

As a vehicle

 

 

METHOD OF PREPARATION OF SHAMPOO-

1.         Take shikekai extract and ritha extract in a beaker.

2.         In that add amala powder, fenugreek powder, and tulsi powder, stir well all ingredients.

3.         Also add the jasmine oil shake well.

4.         Make up the volume up to 10 ml with distilled water, keep the preparation aside to settle the foam and stored in the suitable well-closed container.

 

EVALUATION-

To evaluate the quality of prepared formulation, several quality tests were performed.

1. Physical appearance [2]

Formulated shampoo was evaluated for color, transparency, odor and foam producing ability.

2. pH [4]

The pH of 10% shampoo solution in distilled water was determined at room temperature 25°C. The pH was measured by using digital pH Meter.

 

3.         Foaming ability and foam stability [4]

Cylinder shake method was used to test for the foaming ability. 50 ml of the 1% formulated Shampoo solution was placed into a 250 ml graduated cylinder, covered with one hand and Shaken for 10 times. After 1 min of shaking, the total volume of the foam content was recorded. Foam stability was valued by recording the foam volume after 1 min and 4 min of shake test.

 

4.         Cleaning action [4]

5 grams of hairs were placed in grease, after that it was placed in 200 ml. of water containing 1 gram of shampoo in a flask. Temperature of water was maintained at 350C. The flask was shaked for 4 minutes at the rate of 50 times a minute.

The solution was removed and sample was taken out, dried and weighed. The amount of grease removed was calculated by using the following equation:

 

DP= 100(1-T/C)

 

In which, DP is the percentage of detergency power, C is the weight of sebum in the control Sample and T is the weight of sebum in the test sample.

 

5.         Dirt dispersion test [11]

Put two drops of shampoo formulation in a large test tube. Add 10 ml of distilled water and one drop of Indian ink, stopper the test tube and shake it for ten times .Estimate the amount of ink in the foam as none, moderate, light or heavy and record. Shampoo that cause the ink to concentrate in the foam are considered as poor quality. The dirt should say in the water portion. Dirt that says in the foam will be difficult to rinse away. It will redeposit on the hair.

 

RESULT:

1.     Physical appearance- Color-Dark brown Transperancy- Opaqe

Odor-Aromatic

 

2.     pH-

The pH balance of products is important as it affects the skins and surfaces as they are being used. The pH of our formulated shampoo was 5.5, falling within the ideal pH range for shampoo which is between 5 and 7.8 it is noted that the formulated shampoo is slightly acidic.

 

3.     Foaming ability and foam stability-

One of the imperative parameter in evaluation of a shampoo is the lathering or mostly described as foaming. The prepared herbal shampoo resulted in the formation of small, compact, dense and uniform type of foam. The foam volume remained unchanged within the 4 minute time frame suggesting that the foams produced have good stability.

 

4.     Cleansing action-

Cleaning action was tested on hairs in grease. The amount of grease removed is 99.07%.

 

5.     Dirt dispersion-

Liquid shampoos that cause the ink to concentrate in the foam are considered as poor quality, the dirt should stay in water. Dirt that stays in the foam will be difficult to rinse away and will be redeposit on the hair. The amount of ink in the foam is light.

 

Formulated herbal liquid shampoo was found to be in compliance with all the properties and exhibited satisfactory results. The evaluation studies showed good cleaning action and better

 

Foaming capacity. From the evaluation it can be concluded that all the formulated herbal liquid shampoo were good and exhibited satisfactory results.

 

CONCLUSION:

Prepared formulation of herbal liquid shampoo was found to be in compliance with all the properties of liquid shampoo and exhibited satisfactory results. The evaluation studies showed good cleaning action and better foaming capacity. From the given study, it can be concluded that prepared herbal liquid shampoo were good and had all the properties. Formulation exhibited satisfactory result.

 

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11.        Deeksha, Rishabha Malviya and Pramod Kumar Sharm. Evaluation of Marketed Shampoo (Synthetic and Natural) for Their Hair Cleansing, Dirt Dispersion, Wetting Time, Solid Content and Foaming Capacity Properties”. Global Journal of Pharmacology. 2014, 490-493.

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Received on 21.08.2018                    Accepted on 20.09.2018

©A&V Publications all right reserved

Research J. Topical and Cosmetic Sci. 9(2): July- Dec. 2018 page 44-48.

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5844.2018.00009.2