Formulation and Evaluation of Polyherbal Shampoo

 

Manohar D. Kengar*, Ganesh B. Vambhurkar, Akshata S. Gavade, Asha M. Jagtap, Indrayani D. Raut.

Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon, Dist – Sangli, Maharashtra, INDIA – 415404

*Corresponding Author E-mail: manoharkengar20@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT:

Now a day peoples are interested in the hair care preparation like shampoos and hair conditioners. Shampoos are the products which are used for the removal of the dirt and surface grease from the hair shaft and scalp. There are numbers of synthetic shampoos in the market as compared to the herbal or natural shampoo, but synthetic shampoo has some harmful effect on the hair or scalp like dryness of hair and keratin loss. Now a day peoples are more aware about the side-effects each and every ingredient used in the formulation of shampoo or any of the cosmetic preparation. Hence due to this reason there is increase in demand for the natural ingredient containing formulation. From the results and discussion we were concluded that the formulation was better in all aspects when compared to the synthetic shampoos. The marketed shampoos have excessive detergents which can strip the hairs off from the scalp. The prepared herbal shampoo was having better detergency and even it maintained the shiny and oily appearance. Therefore the formulated herbal shampoo passed the entire test and hence can be a better substitute to the shampoos available in market.

 

KEYWORDS: Herbal shampoo, Evaluation of shampoo,  Aloe gel, Neem extract, Heena extract.

 


INTRODUCTION:

Nowadays peoples are take interest in the hair preparation like shampoo and conditioning formulation.  Hair is most important barometers for internal body conditions. It is a most important part of the body. Various synthetic compounds, chemicals and their chemical derivatives are harmful to the hair. Now a day peoples are more aware about the side-effects each and every ingredient used in the formulation of shampoo or any of the cosmetic preparation [1]. Natural cosmetics are popular over the world because of their better purity and less side effects. The general psychology of patients is that a good shampoo is on that forms foam in the large amount. To formulate herbal shampoo using material of natural origin is a formidable task.

 

The challenge is not only in the selection of proper natural ingredient but also in the matching the performance of formulation with synthetic formulation present in the market. Natural or herbal shampoo is more beneficial than the synthetic one because synthetic shampoo shows some side effects as compared to the herbal one[2]. One of the most common hair treatments is shampooing. Primary function of shampoo is to clean, nourishes the hair by removing the accumulated sebum, dust and scalp debris etc [3, 4]. Due to the less side effect and great effectiveness of herbal formulations like herbal shampoo, herbal cream etc, there is increase in demand for the herbal preparation. Numbers of types of herbal shampoo present in the market herbal powder shampoo, herbal clear liquid shampoo and herbal lotion shampoo etc. Depending upon type of herbal shampoo stability of shampoo changes because of presence of different ingredients in their formulation like vitamin, amino acids, and protein hydrolyses [5]. Selection of active natural ingredients for the formulation of the herbal hair care product is depends upon the ability of the ingredient to prevent scalp damage also on the improvement in the quality of skin by cleansing and nourishing action of natural ingredient.

 

The objectives of this research work are

a)      To know the concept of herbal shampoo

b)     To know the formulation of herbal shampoo

c)      To know the role of each ingredient of herbal shampoo

d)     To know the application of herbal shampoo

e)      To know how to evaluate herbal shampoo

 

This research formulation contain following ingredients, neem [6, 7, 8, 9] and tulsi[10, 11] extracts were used as antibacterials, heena, fenugreek, egg white and amla extract [12]used for their conditioning effects, ritha, shikakai were used for their foaming  ability, aloe was preferred for its cleansing ability. This polly herbal shampoo performed all above mentioned action without affecting or damaging hair.

 

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Formula

Table 1: Formulation table

Sr. No.

Ingredients

Quantity

1

Neem extract

10 ml

2

Tulsi extract

10ml

3

Heena extract

10ml

4

Shikakai extract

10ml

5

Fenugreek extract

10ml

6

Ritha extract

10ml

7

Aloe gel

8.5ml

8

Amla extract

10ml

9

Egg white

5ml

10

Sodium alginate

5%

11

Sodium lauryl sulphate

10%

12

Methyl paraben

0.05%

13

Perfume

q.s.

14

De-mineralized water

q.s. to 100ml

 

Neem and tulsi extracts were used as antibacterial, heena, fenugreek, egg white and Alma extract used for their conditioning effects, ritha, shikakai were used for their foaming ability, aloe was preferred for its cleansing ability. This Polly herbal shampoo performed all above mentioned action without affecting or damaging hair.

 

METHOD:

Procurement of Herbs:

All plant/ herbs powder were collected from local shops in sangli area.

 

Extraction and Preparation of Shampoo:

All the extracts were prepared by soaking and boiling the dried powders and then filtered to obtain a clear extract so obtained was concentrated by means of evaporation and stored till use [13, 14]. The extract in fixed proportion was mixed in a mortar and a homogeneous shampoo base was obtained. Finally the perfume was added and the prepared formulation was filled in appropriate bottles.

 

EVALUATION METHODS of SHAMPOO [15, 16]:

The prepared shampoo was evaluated for the following tests which were done on volunteers from my class.

Physical appearance / Visual inspection:

The prepared poly-herbal shampoo was evaluated in term of their foam producing ability, fluidity and clarity.

 

Ease of Distribution:

Ease of distribution test is performed by applying 5 ml of formulation of herbal shampoo over the hair which were previously wetted and then time required to complete distribution was measured.

 

Lathering Power:

Lathering power performed based on three properties viz. the speed at which the shampoo lathered, whether the shampoo produced loose foam or creamy foam and the duration till which the foam was stable.

 

Ease of Rinsing:

Rinsing action of herbal shampoo was performed by applying 5 ml of the herbal shampoo over the hair and time required to complete removal of frothing from hair by water is determined.

 

Ease of Combing:

By passing a comb through the wet hair and checking whether the comb glides smoothly combing action was determined.

 

Removal of Oily Mater

By applying 5 ml of herbal shampoo and checking the texture to ascertain the removal of oily matter removal of oily mater test was performed.

 

Luster of Hair:

By checking the shine on the hair after drying luster of hair test was performed.

 

Speed of drying:

This test was performed by applying 5ml of the herbal shampoo on the hair and dry after washing. The drying of hair was performed with the help of table fan with constant speed and distance from the subject.

 

Ease of Combing (Dry hair):

Ease of combing through the dry hair was performed by passing the comb through dry hair and checked whether the comb glides smoothly or not.

 

Determination of pH:

The pH of herbal shampoo was determined by preparing 10% of herbal shampoo at room temperature.

 

Foaming power:

Foaming power of the herbal formulation was performed by using 10 ml of the shampoo in a measuring cylinder and then shaken in a mechanical shaker for 1 minute. The volume is then measured and foaming power was calculated.

 

Evaluation:

The following parameters were evaluated for the formulated herbal shampoo; Physical appearance/ visual inspection, ease of distribution of oily matter, luster of hair, speed of drying, ease of combing, pH, clarity, consistency, foaming power and results were reported as follows 

 

Table 2: Evaluation table

Sr. No.

Test

Standard

Observation

1

Ease of distribution

Easily Distributed

Better

2

Removal of oily matter

Removal of oil

Good

3

Luster of hair

Lustrous hair

Good

4

Speed of drying

5-10

8 min

5

Ease of combing

Clear

Good

6

pH

6.5-7.5

7

7

Clarity

Easily combing

Clear

8

Consistency

Uniform

Uniform

9

Foaming power

10-15%

12.5%

 

RESULT AND DISCUSSION:

Table 3: Result and discussion table

Sr. No.

Test

Standard

Observation

1

Ease of distribution

Easily Distributed

Better

2

Removal of oily matter

Removal of oil

Good

3

Luster of hair

Lustrous hair

Good

4

Speed of drying

5-10

8 min

5

Ease of combing

Clear

Good

6

pH

6.5-7.5

7

7

Clarity

Easily combing

Clear

8

Consistency

Uniform

Uniform

9

Foaming power

10-15%

12.5%

 

Formulation shows better distribution action and hence it was more patient compatible. The oil removal ability of the shampoo was found to be good. Even then the luster of hairs was not lost and the natural shiny and oily appearance was maintained. Speed of drying of hair was 8 min which complies with the standards.  Final formulation was uniform and clear. It has a pH of 7 and thus no irritation was produced. Also it has foaming power 12.5% which is good one.

 

CONCLUSION:

From the results and discussion it is concluded that the formulation was better in all aspects when compared to the synthetic shampoos. The marketed shampoos have excessive detergents which can strip the hairs off from the scalp. The prepared herbal shampoo was having better detergency and even it maintained the shiny and oily appearance. Therefore the formulated herbal shampoo passed the entire test and hence can be a better substitute to the shampoos available in market.

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

Authors are gratefully acknowledge to the help of laboratory staff specially Pradip A. Chawan of Rajarambapu College of Pharmacy, Kasegaon. For providing necessary apparatus required for research work. Also we are highly Acknowledge the help and guidance of Dr. S. K. Mohite.

 

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Received on 19.06.2018                    Accepted on 29.06.2018

©A&V Publications all right reserved

Research J. Topical and Cosmetic Sci. 9(1): Jan.-June 2018 page 01-03.

DOI: 10.5958/2321-5844.2018.00001.8